jueves, septiembre 14, 2006


La diabetes avanza de forma espectacular en muchos de los países en vías de desarrollo. Esta enfermedad, considerada el mal de los ricos, comienza a convertirse en un serio problema en algunos de los países más pobres. Según la Organización Mundial de la Salud, en el año 2025, de los más de 350 millones de diabéticos estimados, tres cuartas partes de ellos vivirán en el Tercer Mundo.

En The New York Times, poniendo como ejemplo a India, hacen un reportaje extenso y brillante:

In its hushed but unrelenting manner, Type 2 diabetes is engulfing India, swallowing up the legs and jewels of those comfortable enough to put on weight in a country better known for famine. Here, juxtaposed alongside the stick-thin poverty, the malaria and the AIDS, the number of diabetics now totals around 35 million, and counting.

The future looks only more ominous as India hurtles into the present, modernizing and urbanizing at blinding speed. Even more of its 1.1 billion people seem destined to become heavier and more vulnerable to Type 2 diabetes, a disease of high blood sugar brought on by obesity, inactivity and genes, often culminating in blindness, amputations and heart failure. In 20 years, projections are that there may be a staggering 75 million Indian diabetics.[...]

In Italy or Germany or Japan, diabetes is on the rise. In Bahrain and Cambodia and Mexico — where industrialization and Western food habits have taken hold— it is rising even faster. For the world has now reached the point, according to the United Nations, where more people are overweight than undernourished.